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Green Oaks Primary Academy


From when our children start in our Nursery they are exposed to listening and speaking opportunities which will form the foundations of learning to read and write. The more you talk with your child and encourage good listening and speaking skills the more likely they will flourish when asked to learn the sounds we use to read and write.

We follow the 'Letters and Sounds' scheme of work to teach phonic skills, throughout each phase, to our Early Years and Key Stage 1 children. To support with reading, all of our early reading books use a phonics based approach. Phonic patterns are used for spelling lists and are further developed through handwriting practise.

“If a child memories ten words the child can only read ten words, but if the child learns the sound of ten letters they will be able to read 350 three sound words, 4320 four sound words and 21650 five sound words” - Martin Kozloff 2002 

During the year, EYFS and Year 1 teachers will invite parents to attend phonics workshops. These provide parents with the opportunities to watch phonics lessons, gain a better understanding of the expectations as well as providing the opportunity to spend some time with their child enjoying some literacy activities in the classroom.

Phonics it taught daily by following the sequence below:

Revisit and review

Practice previously learned letters or graphemes​


Teach new graphemes​


Practice blending and reading words with new sound (sound buttons, dashes and dots)​

Practice segmenting and spelling words with new sound (sounding out on fingers)​

(My turn, your turn)​


Read or write words, captions or sentences using new sounds​


As set out by the Department of Education, Year 1 pupils, and children from Year 2 who need to resit, complete a phonics screening check to assess the phonics knowledge of children across the country. The check takes place during the month of June. ​Pupils will sit with a teacher and be asked to read 40 words aloud, half of which are real words and half are pseudo words.​ Results will be shared with parents and published online.​

More information can be found by clicking on the document link below and at the following website: ​


In Key Stage 2, those children who require further phonic support take part in small booster groups delivered by our trained teaching assistants. We use a variety of materials to plan for these groups which include 'Rapid phonics' and 'Rapid readers'. Both schemes include reading books and activity sheets which children may be asked to take home for follow-up work.

Please see the list of websites below which you may find useful in supporting your child with their phonics, or ask your child's class teacher if you would like further advice on how to support your child with phonics.

Lots of information and guidance for parents/carers

A selection of simple interactive games for all phonic phases.

A great selection of games that link well with games in Letters and Sounds.

Printable resources for each of the Letters and Sounds phonic phases, also links to games aligned with each phase.


Letter names come up in alphabetical order

Activities for all phases

Phonic game with choice of difficulty (some HFWs, some vowel blends, very varied)

Make any words with this useful game.

Useful page which demonstrates pronunciation of all sounds


Phonics Glossary

blend (vb) — to draw individual sounds together to pronounce a word, e.g. s-n-a-p, blended together, reads snap

cluster — two (or three) letters making two (or three) sounds, e.g. the first three letters of 'straight' are a consonant cluster

digraph — two letters making one sound, e.g. sh, ch, th, ph.

vowel digraphs comprise of two vowels which, together, make one sound, e.g. ai, oo, ow

split digraph — two letters, split, making one sound, e.g. a-e as in make or i-e in site

grapheme — a letter or a group of letters representing one sound, e.g. sh, ch, igh, ough (as in 'though')

grapheme-phoneme correspondence (GPC) — the relationship between sounds and the letters which represent those sounds; also known as 'letter-sound correspondences'

mnemonic — a device for memorising and recalling something, such as a snake shaped like the letter 'S'

phoneme — the smallest single identifiable sound, e.g. the letters 'sh' represent just one sound, but 'sp' represents two (/s/ and /p/)

segment (vb) — to split up a word into its individual phonemes in order to spell it, e.g. the word 'cat' has three phonemes: /c/, /a/, /t/

VC, CVC, CCVC — the abbreviations for vowel-consonant, consonant-vowel-consonant, consonant-consonant-vowel-consonant, which are used to describe the order of letters in words, e.g. am, ham, slam.